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National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NASA's Arctic-Boreal Vulnerability Experiment

ABoVE

Frost-01 Project Profile
  (updated 16-Dec-2016)
Project Title:Biophysical drivers and socio-ecological impacts of environmental change in the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta region, western Alaska
Project Lead: Gerald (JJ) Frost, Alaska Biological Research, Inc.--Environmental Research & Services
Project Funding: 2015 - 2019
NASA (agency representative: Jared Entin)
Project Type:NASA -- joined ABoVE in 2015
Solicitation:NASA: Terrestrial Ecology (2014)
Abstract: The Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta (Y-K Delta) region of western Alaska is one of the most biologically productive areas of the tundra biome and supports one of the largest indigenous human populations in the circumpolar Arctic. Most of the region's 57 Yup'ik communities are highly reliant on terrestrial subsistence resources, such as the Y-K Delta's except ... [more]
ABoVE Science Questions
  • Ecosystem Services
  • Disturbance Regimes
  • Permafrost
  • Flora and Fauna
ABoVE Science Objectives: Ecosystem Dynamics
  • Permafrost Vulnerability / Resilience
  • Vegetation, hydrology, disturbance interactions
  • Snow Impacts
  • Vegetation Greening and Browning
  • Changes to Fish and Wildlife Habitat
ABoVE Science Objectives: Ecosystem Services
  • Transportation & Infrastructure
  • Subsistence
  • Land Management
  • Ecosystem Services Interactions
ABoVE Disciplinary Theme
  • Wildlife and Ecosystem Services
Participants: Project Lead(s):
  • Gerald (JJ) Frost, Alaska Biological Research, Inc.--Environmental Research & Services
Co-Investigator(s):Student-Graduate(s):Collaborator(s):Participant(s):

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Proposed Fieldwork Schedule:2016-SU
2017-SU
Measurements:
  • Airborne Remote Sensing
    • Airborne Lidar
  • Disturbance
    • Density and diversity of seeding understory species
    • Depth of residual soil organic layer (depth from burned surface to mineral soil)
    • Depth to water table
    • Diversity and or density of resprouting plant species
    • Drainage class
    • Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT)
    • Index of soil moisture
    • Residual moss and lichen inventory
    • Shrub burn scar to burned organic layer surface (shrub tundra)
    • Slope, aspect
    • Soil organic layer profile description
    • Soil texture
    • Thaw depth (depth from ground surface to frozen ground)
    • Tundra burn classes
    • Tussock meristem to burned organic layer surface (moist acidic tundra)
    • Vegetation type identification
  • Hydrology
    • Inundation
    • pH
    • Salinity
    • Water level
  • Permafrost
    • Active Layer Thickness
    • Resistivity
    • Soil moisture content
    • Thaw-related vegetation and soil disturbances
  • Vegetation
    • Canopy height & structure
    • Leaf area index
    • Soil Organic Layer Thickness
    • Soil temperature
    • Tussock density
    • Tussock diameter
    • Vegetation cover
    • Vegetation type
Sites/Measurements Map:
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Research
Contributions:
Status: In-Progress Date When Available:
Product Title:  For YK delta: downscaled reanalysis, trend maps, disturbance mapping, varied temporal ranges and scales, products to meet stakeholder needs (including ELOKA contribution)
Description:  
Expected Users:  
Metadata URL(s):
Data Server URL(s):
Archived Data Citation:  
 
Publications: None provided.
Outreach Actvities: April 12, 2016 Interview on Bethel, Yukon Radio Station KYUK Radio Interviewer: Adrian J.J. Frost--Research Ecologist Subject: Environmental Change across the YK Delta How you can get involved: The Local Environmental Observer (LEO) Network The eyes, ears, and voice of our changing environment LEO is a network of local observers and topic experts who share knowledge about unusual animal, environment, and weather events. These observations are based on local and traditional knowledge, and the experience of network members. With LEO, you can connect with others in your community to help detect, monitor, and find answers about environmental events. You can also engage with topic experts in many different organizations and become part of a broader observer community. Listen to the short Radio Interview MP3


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