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National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NASA's Arctic-Boreal Vulnerability Experiment

ABoVE

Rogers-01 Project Profile
  (updated 19-Jan-2017)
Project Title:Developing a spatially-explicit understanding of fire-climate forcings and their management implications across the ABoVE domain
Project Lead: Brendan Rogers, Woods Hole Research Center
Project Funding: 2015 - 2018
NASA (agency representative: Eric Kasischke)
Project Type:NASA -- joined ABoVE in 2015
Solicitation:NASA: Terrestrial Ecology (2014)
Abstract: Our project involves an investigation into the net radiative forcings from forest fires in the ABoVE domain. Fire is the dominant disturbance in boreal North America and regulates ecosystem composition and land-atmosphere exchanges of carbon, water, and energy. Multiple lines of evidence point to an intensification of the fire regime due to climate ... [more]
ABoVE Science Questions
  • Ecosystem Services
  • Disturbance Regimes
  • Carbon Pools
ABoVE Science Objectives: Ecosystem Dynamics
  • Vegetation, hydrology, disturbance interactions
  • Controls on Carbon Biogeochemistry
ABoVE Science Objectives: Ecosystem Services
  • Land Management
  • Climate Regulation
  • Ecosystem Services Interactions
ABoVE Disciplinary Theme
  • Fire Disturbance
Participants: Project Lead(s):Co-Investigator(s):Post-Doc(s):Student-Graduate(s):Student-Undergraduate(s):Collaborator(s):Participant(s):

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Proposed Fieldwork Schedule:2016-06-06 -> 2016-24-06
Measurements:
  • Carbon Dynamics
    • 14C of Black Carbon
    • C, N, P, K and Fe concentrations of Organic Carbon and Black Carbon
  • Disturbance
    • Age of burned soil organic layer surface
    • Coarse woody debris using standardized methodology (id pre-fire standing and downed woody debris)
    • Composite burn index, AK amendment to reflect ground layer burning
    • Density and diversity of seeding understory species
    • Density and diversity of tree seedlings
    • Depth of residual soil organic layer (depth from burned surface to mineral soil)
    • Distance to road or structure
    • Diversity and or density of resprouting plant species
    • Drainage class
    • Index of soil moisture
    • Residual moss and lichen inventory
    • Slope, aspect
    • Soil organic layer bulk density, carbon and nitrogen concentration
    • Soil organic layer profile description
    • Soil texture
    • Thaw depth (depth from ground surface to frozen ground)
    • Tree combustion estimates (based on allometric classes)
    • Tree inventory (DBH, density, species, live or dead)
    • Vegetation type identification
  • Permafrost
    • Soil moisture content
  • Vegetation
    • P, K, Fe concentrations of organic soil profiles
    • Stand age
    • Vegetation cover
Sites/Measurements Map:
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Research
Contributions:
Status: In-Progress Date When Available:
Product Title:  Burned area products: Burned area (500 m, 2001-2015) and combustion in kgC m-2 (500m, 30 m, 250 m; 2001-2015) (for fire events in regions studied)
Description:  
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Status: In-Progress Date When Available:
Product Title:  Radiative Forcing products: GHG RF (500 m, 2001-2015); Aerosol RF (500 m, 2001-2015); Net RF (500 m, 2001-2011); RF projections during season and during event (500m, current) (for fire events in regions studied)
Description:  
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Status: In-Progress Date When Available:
Product Title:  Spring Albedo products: Increase in spring albedo (500 m, 2001-2011); Spring albedo RF (500 m, 2001-2011) (for fire events in regions studied)
Description:  
Expected Users:  
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Publications: Holden, S. R., Rogers, B. M., Treseder, K. K., Randerson, J. T. 2016. Fire severity influences the response of soil microbes to a boreal forest fire. Environmental Research Letters. 11(3), 035004. DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/11/3/035004

Mouteva, G. O., Czimczik, C. I., Fahrni, S. M., Wiggins, E. B., Rogers, B. M., Veraverbeke, S., Xu, X., Santos, G. M., Henderson, J., Miller, C. E., Randerson, J. T. 2015. Black carbon aerosol dynamics and isotopic composition in Alaska linked with boreal fire emissions and depth of burn in organic soils. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 29(11), 1977-2000. DOI: 10.1002/2015GB005247

Veraverbeke, S., Rogers, B. M., Randerson, J. T. 2015. Daily burned area and carbon emissions from boreal fires in Alaska. Biogeosciences. 12(11), 3579-3601. DOI: 10.5194/bg-12-3579-2015


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