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National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NASA's Arctic-Boreal Vulnerability Experiment

ABoVE

Chopping-03 Project Profile
  (updated 09-Mar-2016)
Project Title:Changes in Shrub Abundance in Arctic Tundra from the Satellite High Resolution Record for the Arctic-Boreal Vulnerability Experiment and Impacts on Albedo
Project Lead: Mark Chopping, Montclair State University
Project Funding: 2015 - 2018
NASA (agency representative: Eric Kasischke)
Project Type:NASA -- joined ABoVE in 2015
Solicitation:NASA: Terrestrial Ecology (2014)
Abstract: This project uses semi-automated interpretation of high resolution imagery to assess th direction and magnitude of changes in shrub cover and aboveground biomass in Alaskan and Canadian Arctic tundra over a 10- to 15-year period to provide data that can be used to validate lower spatial resolution ABoVE remote sensing data products, initiate, drive ... [more]
ABoVE Science Questions
  • Flora and Fauna
  • Carbon Pools
ABoVE Science Objectives: Ecosystem Dynamics
  • Permafrost Vulnerability / Resilience
  • Vegetation, hydrology, disturbance interactions
  • Vegetation Greening and Browning
  • Controls on Carbon Biogeochemistry
ABoVE Science Objectives: Ecosystem Services
  • Climate Regulation
ABoVE Disciplinary Theme
  • Vegetation Structure and Function
Participants: Project Lead(s):Post-Doc(s):
  • Zhan Li, University of Massachusetts Boston
Student-Graduate(s):Collaborator(s):

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Research
Contributions:
Status: In-Progress Date When Available:
Product Title:  Shrub cover and aboveground biomass estimates for ~200 sites of 1km x 1 km, with high resolution maps (vector/raster); Albedo time series of same sites.
Description:  
Expected Users:  
Metadata URL(s):
Data Server URL(s):
Archived Data Citation:  
 
Publications: Duchesne, R. R., Chopping, M. J., Tape, K. D. 2015. Capability of the CANAPI algorithm to derive shrub structural parameters from satellite imagery in the Alaskan Arctic. Polar Record. 52(02), 124-133. DOI: 10.1017/S0032247415000509

Duchesne, R.R., M.J. Chopping, and K.D. Tape. 2015. NACP Woody Vegetation Characteristics of 1,039 Sites across the North Slope, Alaska. Data set. Available online [http://daac/ornl.gov/] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. [data set]. Available at DOI: 10.3334/ORNLDAAC/1270


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