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National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NASA's Arctic-Boreal Vulnerability Experiment

ABoVE

Kimball-04 Project Profile
  (updated 16-Feb-2017)
Project Title:Satellite data driven model assessment of landscape variability and environmental controls on the Arctic-Boreal carbon budget
Project Lead: John Kimball, University of Montana
Project Funding: 2015 - 2019
NASA (agency representative: Eric Kasischke)
Project Type:NASA -- joined ABoVE in 2015
Solicitation:NASA: Terrestrial Ecology (2014)
Abstract: We will apply a satellite data driven carbon model framework to improve understanding and quantification of carbon (CO2 and CH4) fluxes and environmental controls on the net ecosystem carbon budget (NECB) over the ABoVE domain. We will develop a foundational database to explore and quantify links between changing surface conditions, including freez ... [more]
ABoVE Science Questions
  • Ecosystem Services
  • Permafrost
  • Hydrologic System
  • Carbon Pools
ABoVE Science Objectives: Ecosystem Dynamics
  • Permafrost Vulnerability / Resilience
  • Vegetation, hydrology, disturbance interactions
  • Snow Impacts
  • Vegetation Greening and Browning
  • Controls on Carbon Biogeochemistry
ABoVE Science Objectives: Ecosystem Services
  • Climate Regulation
  • Ecosystem Services Interactions
ABoVE Disciplinary Theme
  • Carbon Dynamics
Participants: Project Lead(s):Co-Investigator(s):Post-Doc(s):Collaborator(s):Participant(s):

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Proposed Fieldwork Schedule:2016-Installation (Power System)
2017-Installation
2018-maintenance
Measurements:
  • Carbon Dynamics
    • Ecosystem respiration
    • Eddy Covariance Flux Tower Data [details from AmeriFlux]
    • ET
    • GPP
    • NEE
    • Respiration (chamber)
    • Respiration (tower)
    • Soil respiration
    • Surface Energy Budget
    • Water Vapor
  • Hydrology
    • Freeze/thaw
  • Permafrost
    • Soil moisture content
  • Snow
    • Surface Albedo
    • Surface temperature
  • Vegetation
    • PAR
    • Soil temperature
    • Surface temperature
  • Weather
    • Air temperature
    • Precipitation amount
    • Radiation (four component)
    • Wind direction
    • Wind speed
Sites/Measurements Map:
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Research
Contributions:
Status: In-Progress Date When Available:
Product Title:  1 km maps of daily CO2 fluxes (GPP, NPP, Reco, NEE), wetland CH4 emissions, Net Ecosystem Carbon Balance; annual surface SOC stocks (2003 to > 2016 for towers sites and the ABoVE domain)
Description:  
Expected Users:  
Metadata URL(s):
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Status: In-Progress Date When Available:
Product Title:  Tower Eddy Covariance CO2 & CH4 fluxes
Description:  
Expected Users:  
Metadata URL(s):
Data Server URL(s):
Archived Data Citation:  

Status: In-Progress Date When Available:
Product Title:  Ecosystem metrics/indicators including in situ soil temperature & moisture data
Description:  
Expected Users:  
Metadata URL(s):
Data Server URL(s):
Archived Data Citation:  
 
Publications: Du, J., Kimball, J. S., Jones, L. A., Watts, J. D. 2016. Implementation of satellite based fractional water cover indices in the pan-Arctic region using AMSR-E and MODIS. Remote Sensing of Environment. 184, 469-481. DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2016.07.029

Farhadi, L., Reichle, R. H., De Lannoy, G. J. M., Kimball, J. S. 2015. Assimilation of Freeze-Thaw Observations into the NASA Catchment Land Surface Model. Journal of Hydrometeorology. 16(2), 730-743. DOI: 10.1175/JHM-D-14-0065.1

Kim, Y., Kimball, J. S., Robinson, D. A., Derksen, C. 2015. New satellite climate data records indicate strong coupling between recent frozen season changes and snow cover over high northern latitudes. Environmental Research Letters. 10(8), 084004. DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/10/8/084004

Park, H., Kim, Y., Kimball, J. S. 2016. Widespread permafrost vulnerability and soil active layer increases over the high northern latitudes inferred from satellite remote sensing and process model assessments. Remote Sensing of Environment. 175, 349-358. DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2015.12.046

Park, H., Yoshikawa, Y., Oshima, K., Kim, Y., Ngo-Duc, T., Kimball, J. S., Yang, D. 2016. Quantification of Warming Climate-Induced Changes in Terrestrial Arctic River Ice Thickness and Phenology. Journal of Climate. 29(5), 1733-1754. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0569.1

Yi, Y., Kimball, J. S., Rawlins, M. A., Moghaddam, M., Euskirchen, E. S. 2015. The role of snow cover affecting boreal-arctic soil freeze-thaw and carbon dynamics. Biogeosciences. 12(19), 5811-5829. DOI: 10.5194/bg-12-5811-2015

Zona, D., Gioli, B., Commane, R., Lindaas, J., Wofsy, S. C., Miller, C. E., Dinardo, S. J., Dengel, S., Sweeney, C., Karion, A., Chang, R. Y., Henderson, J. M., Murphy, P. C., Goodrich, J. P., Moreaux, V., Liljedahl, A., Watts, J. D., Kimball, J. S., Lipson, D. A., Oechel, W. C. 2015. Cold season emissions dominate the Arctic tundra methane budget. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 113(1), 40-45. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1516017113

Lindsay, C., Zhu, J., Miller, A., Kirchner, P., Wilson, T. 2015. Deriving Snow Cover Metrics for Alaska from MODIS. Remote Sensing. 7(10), 12961-12985. DOI: 10.3390/rs71012961


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